Image courtesy of 

Of the people, by the people, for the people.

The Ballarat Reform League Charter was a product of miner discontent over taxation in the form of mining licence fees. 

That it is the inalienable right of every citizen to have a voice in making the laws he is called upon to obey – that taxation without representation is tyranny.
That, being as the people have been hitherto, unrepresented in the Legislative Council of the Colony of Victoria, they have been tyrannised over, and it becomes their duty as well as interest to resist, and if necessary to remove the irresponsible power which so tyrannises over them.

Following the Eureka Rebellion of 1854, white males gained suffrage in Victoria in 1857.

More than thirty years later, the women's suffrage petition in Victoria was presented to the Parliament in September 1891. In that petition the first article reads 'That government of the people by the people, and for the people should mean all the people, and not one half.'

This statement is based on a quote from President Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address of 1863.

There are over 24 million Australians in 2016. Just over half are women as these animated population pyramids produced by the Australian Bureau of Statistics show.  

Women make up more than half the people but much less than half the members of parliament.